Business people studying list of rules

Sourcing from Vietnam and status:
What is Product Compliance?

Sourcing from Vietnam – The Four Elements

1. Safety Standards / Substance
2. Document Requirements
Product Certificates, DoC, Technical File
3. Testing / Verification Requirements
Often mandatory, but not always
4. Labeling Requirements
CE Mark, FCC, “Made in China”, Textile Labels


Which products are regulated?

Very strict
– Toys & Children’s Products
– Electronics, Machinery, Energy, Medical Devices, Vehicles
– Food Contact Materials, Kitchen Utensils
– Chemicals, Cosmetics, Pharmaceuticals
Not as strict (but regulated)
– Furniture
– Apparel, Textiles, Watches and Jewelry (for adults)

Guideline and regulation vector concept metaphor.

A brief overview of product regulations in the United States

Approval mark. Product advantage. Rating and reviews. Meeting requirements. High quality sign, quality control sign, quality assurance sign concept.
  • Toys: CPSIA (Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act): Technical, Substances, Documentation, Labeling
  • Substances: CA Prop 65: Labeling, Substances
  • Electronics: FCC: Technical, Labeling, Documentation
  • Food Contact Materials: 16 CFR: Substances, Labeling
  • Consumer Goods: CPSC: Substances
  • All Products Labeling Requirements: Country of Origin, Apparel Labeling

Case Studies


Children’s Products (USA): CPSIA

Step 1: Assess applicable ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials) standards
Step 2: Submit samples for testing (and implement a testing strategy)
Step 3: Create all the mandatory documents (i.e., Children’s Product Certificate)
Step 4: Create labeling files (and submit to your manufacturer) (i.e., tracking label)
Summary: CPSIA outlines very specific requirements. This makes the process straightforward.

Ensuring compliance when sourcing from Vietnam/Asia
How do you know if a supplier can manufacture compliant products?

  1. A supplier’s capability to ensure compliance must not be taken for granted
  2. Capability = Expertise + Access to compliant materials and components
  3. Only suppliers with a history of exporting to the EU and the US tend to have the “capability to ensure compliance”
  4. Verify the supplier’s “compliance track record” = test reports and other documents

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